Medical anthropology studies healing practices, medical systems and how different cultures view health. Medical anthropologists combine the cultural and biological aspects of anthropology coupled with medical knowledge in order to understand how different social and cultural factors affect the spread of disease and the treatment of illness. They must be able to overcome ethnocentrism and look at other medical systems with the same deference. There are many medical anthropology jobs, as this discipline is one of the most highly developed areas of anthropology and applied anthropology. [Not a valid template] Most medical anthropologists have anthropology as their main discipline. Some come from health professions as nursing and medicine, while others have backgrounds in social work, sociology and psychology. Transcultural psychiatrists are also trained as anthropologists and psychiatric clinicians. Most medical anthropology jobs require a master’s or Ph.D degree. Medical anthropologists can work in a variety of careers, from medical research to academia. Some even go overseas to set up clinics, helping the natives cooperate and the doctors to be sensitive to their culture. In general, we consider these six basic fields:
- The impact of biomedical technologies;
- The relationship between patient and physician;
- The interaction of social, biological and environmental factors which influence health;
- Analysis of interactions between migrant populations and psychiatric services;
- The integration of alternative medical systems in culturally diverse environments;
- Development of medical knowledge and care systems.