All You Need to Know About the In Vitro Fertilization Procedure

Written by Piper Morris. Posted in Medical News

Unfortunately, there are many factors that can prevent a woman from getting pregnant in a natural way. Age, health problems and other external factors can determine if women can have babies without using an in vitro fertilization procedure. Although there are many special methods that can be used in order to obtain the desired results, there are cases where a major treatment for infertility is required. The in vitro fertilization procedure involves some complicated steps that a woman has to take in order to be able to have children. The process implies fertilizing an egg by sperm outside of a woman’s body, but things aren’t as simple as they seem. The ovulatory process must be stimulated and monitored, and afterwards, the ovum must be removed from the woman’s ovaries and placed in a fluid environment in a laboratory. Furthermore, sperm must fertilize the ovum, and if the procedure is successful, the fertilized egg must be cultured for up to six days. After the days have passed, the egg, which can now be called a zygote, can be implanted in the mother’s uterus, hoping that the pregnancy will be successfully established.
  • Is the in vitro fertilization procedure safe?
The first “test tube baby” was Louise Brown, and she was born in 1978. Louise was a healthy girl who never shown signs that she is different from any other kids. Moreover, she grew up just fine, and she now has kids of her own. She gave birth to a baby girl in May, 1999, and to a baby boy on December 2006. However, unlike her mother, she conceived her kids naturally. The in vitro fertilization procedure was developed by Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe. Edwards received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his entire work in 2010, as he discovered a way to help women know what it feels like to be a mother. However, Cardinal Albino Luciani, who later became Pope John Paul I, didn’t seem to embrace the idea of artificial insemination. Furthermore, he declared that these types of procedures could lead to some bad consequences, such as women being used as baby factories. Still, he did not blame the parents for turning to such method of having a child.
  • Can stress interfere with a successful pregnancy?
According to some physicians’ opinion, stress can affect an in vitro fertilization procedure outcome. There are many stressful factors that a woman may have to deal with, such as the financial efforts that she and her partner have to make in order to have a baby. However, the main factor that causes extreme stress is represented by the possibility of failure. So, in order to combat infertility, women must try to be as relaxed as possible, and they should try to avoid depression, because a good morale can help them have the best results.
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