A career in the medical field can be very rewarding, from a financial point of view. One of the most interesting jobs in this field is probably the job of a medical examiner. The first thing that you need to know in regards to this job is that the job responsibilities depend on the examiner’s profile. There are two types of medical examiners: the anatomical pathologist and the forensic pathologist. Obviously, the medical examiner job description is different for each of these two jobs. The main responsibility of the anatomical pathologist is to examine the organs of a dead body in order to determine the cause of death. On the other hand, the forensic pathologist must examine the bodies of various crime victims in order to assist the law department in solving those crimes.
Medical anthropology studies healing practices, medical systems and how different cultures view health. Medical anthropologists combine the cultural and biological aspects of anthropology coupled with medical knowledge in order to understand how different social and cultural factors affect the spread of disease and the treatment of illness. They must be able to overcome ethnocentrism and look at other medical systems with the same deference. There are many medical anthropology jobs, as this discipline is one of the most highly developed areas of anthropology and applied anthropology.
- The impact of biomedical technologies;
- The relationship between patient and physician;
- The interaction of social, biological and environmental factors which influence health;
- Analysis of interactions between migrant populations and psychiatric services;
- The integration of alternative medical systems in culturally diverse environments;
- Development of medical knowledge and care systems.
We’ve come to rely on our medicine for even the slightest inconvenience; the smallest headache, digestion problem or itch can be swept away in just minutes with the right treatment. We are so used to taking pills that we almost do it indiscriminately, without wondering whether it goes with a certain type of food we have, or with another treatment we receive. A simple omission like this however, can lead to serious problems, and we have to at least have some basic knowledge of medication and foods that aren’t compatible. This is important especially since some of these forbidden combinations can be so common, and many of us may happen to experience them.
Western medicine has evolved a lot, especially during the 20th century when we managed to stabilize numerous vaccines, successfully treat or cure various diseases, and make much progress in the way of treating (so-far) incurable illnesses. However for some, the way our medicine has evolved is not necessarily a progress as well, because we have a tendency to solve every minor issue through medication; treatment is more practiced than prevention, so certain people have to combine different types of medication in order to treat a single health issue. But what happens to our bodies when we stuff them full of pills, how to we know when our doctors prescribe too much and, most importantly, how can we make sure one treatment won’t interfere with another?
The year 2013 is done, and we’re looking forward to the developments of 2014 and what it has to bring. There have been many discoveries last year, but today we want to focus on some of the most impressive medical breakthroughs of 2013. This is a subject that concerns and interests us all, even if we are currently healthy. Although Western medicine is quite evolved and has managed to solve some important health problems for us, there are still enough issues to concern us yet, not to mention that new diseases or conditions are also discovered all the time.
- Parkinson’s Disease – This is a difficult condition, a neurodegenerative disease that causes the patient to lose control of their limbs and shake uncontrollably; this is just one of the main symptoms, and others may include the loss of smell, or a rigidity of facial expression. The medical breakthroughs of 2013 related to this disease are the discovery of a method that helps detect Parkinson’s at a much earlier stage, and it is suspected the method could function with Alzheimer’s as well. The test is done by collecting a panel of spinal fluid from the patient.
- In vitro fertility – One of the most popular treatments in recent years, because more and more people suffer from fertility issues that leave them unable to conceive by natural means. There are many ways in which a person can remain pregnant, but so far medicine has had its limits; if a woman’s eggs were poor quality, or non-existent, there was nothing science could do to get her pregnant with her own children. However, in 2013, scientists have developed a method that allows and helps women produce healthy eggs that can then be successfully fertilized. The process is named in vitro activation and it was developed by researchers from the Stanford University.
- Clostridium dificile – This is a disease that many patients contract in hospitals, and it has to do with poor hygiene, dirty surfaces, and other microbial sources that people come in contact with. It is also a cause for numerous medical negligence claims, even if hospital staff do their best to keep everything sterile; Clostridium dificile leads to diarrhea and even a fatal inflammation of the colon. On a different note, it is known that with many bowel issues, an uncommon treatment is excrement from a healthy patient, which is why a doctor had the incredible idea of creating a “poop pill”, meaning a pill that contains fecal bacteria which is good for the organism, and which actually helps us fight bacteria that causes grave harm.